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Country Profile

Republic of Poland
Rzeczpospolita Polska
 

The Official Website of Poland
Poland
Regional Directory of Poland


Basics

Government Type
republic

Capital
Warsaw

National Holiday
Constitution Day, 3 May (1791);
Independence Day, November 11 (1918)

Nationality (noun)
Pole(s)

Nationality (adjective)
Polish

Flag Description

two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; similar to the flags of Indonesia and Monaco which are red (top) and white


Background

Area
312,685 sq km

Highest Point
Rysy 2,499 m

Climate

temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers

Terrain

mostly flat plain; mountains along southern border

Natural Resources

coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, arable land

Languages

Polish

Ethnic Groups

Polish 97.6%, German 1.3%, Ukrainian 0.6%, Byelorussian 0.5% (1990 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 95% (about 75% practicing), Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, and other 5%

Population
38,646,023 (July 2000 est.)

Population Growth Rate
-0.04% (2000 est.)

Net Migration Rate
-0.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

Life Expectancy (male/female)
77.6 years (2000 est.) / ?

Sex Ratio
0.95 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

Fertility
1.38 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Infant Mortality Rate
9.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

Literacy
99%


Economics
Poland today is one of the most successful and open transition economies. Structural reforms advanced in pensions, health care, and public administration in 1999, but resulted in larger than anticipated fiscal pressures. Further progress on public finance depends mainly on privatization of Poland's remaining state sector.

GDP
$276.5 billion (1999 est.)

GDP Growth
3.8% (1999 est.)

GDP per Capita
$7,200 (1999 est.)

GDP from Agriculture
5%

GDP from Industry
35%

GDP from Services
60% (1998)

Military Expenditures vs. GDP
2.1% (FY00)

External Depts
$44 billion (1998)

Currency
1 zloty (Zl) = 100 groszy
  

Inflation Rate
8.4% (1999 est.)

Unemployment Rate
11% (1999 est.)

Population below Poverty Line
23.8% (1993 est.)

Exports
$27.8 billion (f.o.b., 1999)

Export Commodities
manufactured goods and chemicals 57%, machinery and equipment 21%, food and live animals 12%, mineral fuels 7% (1997)

Export Partners
Germany 36%, Italy 5.8%, Russia 5.6%, Netherlands 4.7%, France 4.6%, Ukraine 3.8%, UK 3.8 (1998)

Imports
$40.8 billion (f.o.b., 1999)

Import Commodities
manufactured goods and chemicals 43%, machinery and equipment 36%, mineral fuels 9%, food and live animals 8% (1997)

Import Partners
Germany 25.8%, Italy 9.4%, France 6.5%, Russia 5.1%, UK 4.9%, US 3.8%, Netherlands 3.8% (1998)

Maps of Poland
About Poland at poland.pl
Poland
Regional Directory of Poland

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AgroWeb Poland has been operated by CBR, Warsaw, since 1999